Human rights is a concept saying that every human being has rights that are universal and inalienable, no matter what laws or other local factors such as ethnicity, nationality or religion are involved . Under this philosophy, opposed or overshadowed in the 19th century, 20th century and 21th century by other doctrines, man, as such, irrespective of social status, has rights "inherent in his person, inalienable and sacred" and therefore enforceable in all circumstances in society and power.
Thus the concept of human rights is it by definition universal and egalitarian, which is incompatible with systems based on racial superiority or the "historical mission" of caste, race, beliefs, class or any social group or individual; equally incompatible with the idea that building a better society justifies the elimination or the oppression of those who are supposed to prevent this building.
Human rights in modern society
The concept of minimum rights due solely to the quality of being human, or natural rights, is both ancient and general. What characterizes the idea of human rights is the idea to include them explicitly in the law (whether oral or written), to recognize their universal application and legal value than any other standard. It then passes often a form of proclamation, rather than by the ordinary rules of enactment of legal norms and the terms used are those of a pre-existing and indisputable evidence, and we recognize that we discover.
Concept in extension
The philosophy of human rights questions the existence, nature and justification of such rights against criticisms that may incur the affirmation of their universality in a world tempted by relativism. This is a particularly important contemporary political philosophy. Human rights are the prerogatives of individuals or groups are incumbents who control the State and institutions to respect and enforce them.